Project Scope Management Knowledge Area

Project Scope Management knowledge Area

Project Scope Management processes includes all the work required to be done and only the work required

There are Six Scope management process in Project Scope Management Knowledge Area. 

  1. Plan Scope management. In this you will plan all the work of the project , which you will define the scope, making sure team member planning to do right work and control it.
  1. Collect Requirement. In this process you will collect all the needs of stakeholders. You need to write down that so that requirement can be tracked and measured.
  1. Define scope. In this process you will define the detail description of the project work. Means what work you will do and what you are going to produce.
  1. Create WBS. In this process you will break down all the pieces of work which your team is going to do. This means you will keep the momentum of the project from the start.
  1. Control Scope. We already know how important it is to control changes on your project. When scope changes aren’t controlled, it leads to the most frustrating sort of project problems. Luckily, you already know about change control, and now you can use it to manage your project’s scope.
  1. Validate Scope. In this process when the project is completed you need to validate the deliverables as per the project scope statement (Define Scope). Which you had written down during define scope so that team should not deliver wrong product.


Now the Question is where these process fits in 5 Process groups. ???

Plan Scope management –>Planning

Collect Requirement –>Planning

Define Scope–>Planning

Create WBS –> Planning

Control Scope  –> Monitoring and Controlling

Validate Scope –> Monitoring and Controlling.


Plan scope management process 

It is the process of creating scope management plan that documents how the scope of the project  or product will defined ,validated or controlled as per the project management plan . The benefit of this of this process is to provide guidance how the project and its scope will be managed through out the project. Below figure help you to understand the input ,output and tools and techniques of this process.


plan scope management


Now what are the inputs we can think for the Plan Scope Management????    

          Possible inputs are: Project Charter, Enterprise Environmental Factor, Project   Management Plan, and Organization Process Assets.


Now what are the Output, we can think for the Plan Scope Management???? 

There are two output of the Plan Scope Management. The Scope Management plan and the Requirements Management plan. Both of them help you define the scope of your project and make sure that you and your team are focused on only the work that will help you satisfy your customers’ needs. The Scope Management plan keeps you on track by detailing the processes you and your team will follow as you document your scope, figure out your work breakdown

Structures, and validate and control your scope for the rest of the project. The Requirements Management plan details the process you’ll use to collect requirements and how you’ll manage them once they’ve been written down.


Inputs to Plan Scope Management  à Planning Process Group

  1. Project Management Plan
  2. Organizational process assets.
  3. Enterprise Environmental Factor
  4. Stake holder register
  5. Project Charter


PMBOK, 6th Edition, Section, “Scope Management Plan”

The scope management plan is a component of the project management plan that describes how the scope will be defined, developed, monitored, controlled, and validated.  The components of a Scope Management Plan include:

  • Process for preparing a project scope statement;
  • Process that enables the creation of the WBS from the detailed project scope statement;
  • Process that establishes how the scope baseline will be approved and maintained; and
  • Process that specifies how formal acceptance of the completed project deliverables will be obtained.

The scope management plan can be formal or informal, broadly framed or highly detailed, based on the needs of the project.

Tools and techniques are


  1. Expert judgement
  2. Data analysis  Alternative analysis
  3. Meetings

Output from Plan Scope Management

  1. Plan scope management
  2. Requirement Management Plan

Collect Requirement Process  in  Planning Process Group

Collect Requirement Process

Inputs to Collect Requirement Process

  1. Plan Scope Management
  2. Requirement Management Plan
  3. Organizational process Asset
  4. Enterprise Environmental Factor
  5. Project Charter
  6. Assumption Log
  7. Lesson Learned
  8. Stake holder register

 Tools and Techniques

  • Expert Judgement
  • Data gathering
  • Brain storming
  • Interviews
  • Focus group
  • Questionnaire and Surveys
  • Bench marking
  • Data Analysis
  1. Decision making Techniques


Multi criteria Decision Analysis

  1. Interpersonal skills and Team Skills
  • Nominal group Techniques
  • Observation /conversation
  • Facilitation Techniques
  1. Context Diagram
  2. Data Representation
  • Affinity Diagram
  • Mind Mapping



  1. Requirement Document.
  2. Requirement Trace ability matrix.

Define Scope Process in planning process groups.

Define Scope Process

Inputs to Define Scope process

  1. Project Charter
  2. Requirement Document
  3. Requirement Traceability Matrix Document
  4. Project Management Plan and it component plans  like Scope Management Plan, Requirement Management Plan
  1. Organizational Process Assets
  2. Enterprise Environmental Factor

Tools and Techniques

  1. Product Analysis
  2. Expert judgement
  3. Data Analysis Alternative analysis
  4. Interpersonal skills
  5. Multi criteria Decision making techniques

Output from the define scope Process

  1. Project Scope Statement
  2. Project Document updates
  • Assumption log
  • Requirement document updates
  • Stake holder register update
  • Requirement traceability matrix update


Create WBS Process in this process scope of work will be broken into smaller pieces of work which is called work break down structure.

Inputs to WBS Process are

  1. Project Scope Statement
  2. Project Document updates
  3. Requirement Document
  4. Requirement Traceability matrix
  5. Organizational process assets
  6. Enterprise environmental Factor
  7. Project Management Plan

Tools and Techniques are:

  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Decomposition


  1. Scope baseline and project document update

Validate Scope Process in this process deliverables will be verified as per the scope baseline and other criteria’s

Inputs to Validate scope Process

  1. Project Management Plan and its sub management plans
  2. Project Documents and its subdocuments

Example Project Scope Statement, Requirement Documents, Scope baseline etc

  1. Organizational process Assets
  2. Enterprise environmental factor
  3. Verified deliverables

Tools and Techniques

  1. Inspection
  2. Decision making techniques

Outputs are:

  1. Verified deliverables
  2. Project Documents updates
  3. Work performance data
  4. Requirement traceability matrix
  5. Change request


Control Scope process

Inputs to Control Scope process

  1. Project Management plan and its sub management plans
  2. Project Document updates
  3. Change Request
  4. Requirement Traceability matrix
  5. Work performance Data
  6. Organizational process assets
  7. Enterprise Environmental factor

Tools and Techniques

Variance analysis and Trend analysis.

Output to this process is

  1. Work performance information
  2. Change Request
  3. Project Document Updates
  4. Cost base line
  5. Schedule base line
  6. Stakeholder register updates.